About Ecuador

Grayline Galapagos Tours

The Republic of Ecuador, a country located in northwestern South America. It borders Colombia on the north, south and east by Peru and the west by the Pacific Ocean.

Ecuador, has a relatively small territory (approximately of 256.370 km2), but has the greatest biodiversity per square kilometer in the world! According to a recent study by The International Conservation, Ecuador has the privilege of being among the 17 countries "mega diverse", with the United States, China, Australia, Brazil, among others.

With 9.2 species per km2, Ecuador ranks first in the world in reference to this parameter. The wealth of this country is in its diversity: both natural and cultural. The capital city is Quito, located at 2.850m above sea level; the currency is the American Dollar and its voltage is 110V. Main seat of state entities and the national government, its largest city is Guayaquil, the main seaport and an important economic center. The country is divided into 24 provinces, divided into four natural regions: Region Insular, Coast, Sierra and Amazon. Ecuador's population is estimated at 13,710,234, there are 70 volcanoes, 14 inactive, 14 sleeping and 42 passives, and the Chimborazo is the highest volcano with 6310 meters high. It is the country with the highest concentrations of rivers per square kilometer around the world. It is the biggest exporter of bananas, the leader exporter of flowers worldwide, and one of the main exporter for shrimps and cocoa. You can travel in Ecuador over the year, but every season has its advantages. It always depends on what travelers want to do. July to September and December to January has the largest number of foreign tourists in Ecuador.

Temperatures in the country are different in each region and depend on the altitude. While in the mountains can be very cold, with snowstorms passing over the tops of the mountains in the city Guayaquil on the coast could make a humid tropical heat unbearable, and only air-conditioned places can be remedied. In the Santa Elena peninsula in the Pacific Ocean too cold flow "Humboldt has an important role for climate. But overall, during the year, no notable changes in temperature. The rainy season lasts in the Galapagos Islands on the coast and in the highlands since the end of January until the beginning of May. In the Amazon region, which is hot and moist, the months June, July and August have increased rainfall, although the rainy season is beginning in February. Floods and landslides are often the result of the large amount of rainfall. A high degree of humidity is found throughout the year. Tropic rain suddenly appearing is not a rare phenomenon, even during drought. The amount of rainfall per year is the highest in this region. Sometimes there are values of 5000mm.

In the highlands, the best time is from mid-June until early September, when the sun shines Ecuador often throughout the day. A hat is very important at this time to protect against dangerous sunburns. Between October and January is the time of Indian summer that takes hours to intense afternoon sun. In November, Indian summer is usually interrupted when suddenly comes torrential rain and hail that seem to be the beginning of winter. Between January and May it rains a lot. This weather can cause a bad mood and you quickly forget you are in tropical South America. To understand a little better the weather of the highlands, there is a well known basic rule: spring morning, summer at noon, fall afternoon and winter night with 5 ° C. At altitudes of more than 4000m is also possible to have snows. (Please consider that the weather condition may change)

On the coast, the rainy season is from end of January to the beginning of May and higher temperatures results in an increase of mosquitoes and other insects. In hot and humid coast to the north, to where it is Esmeraldas, means night rain and strong afternoon sun. At the other hand the summer months, June through December, are dry but the sky is very cloudy in the morning. In the hot, dry coast in the south, the months July, August and September can be relatively cold and must always wear a thin jacket. Permanent drizzle and an overcast sky throughout the week would suggest the North Sea environment if there were no cactus and kapok trees. In Salinas, the temperatures are usually warm and dry can drop to about 12 ° C. December and January usually give away most days with sunshine and a lasting tan.

All you Need is Ecuador Ministerio de Turismo del Ecuador Quito